Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Relationships of Agency, Communion, Unmitigated Agency, and Unmitigated Communion to Health Behaviors among College under Graduates

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Relationships of Agency, Communion, Unmitigated Agency, and Unmitigated Communion to Health Behaviors among College under Graduates

Article excerpt

In the U.S., there are persistent sex differences in health that cannot be wholly explained by biological sex. Agency (AG), communion (CM), unmitigated agency (UA), and unmitigated communion (UC) are personality, traits that may help explain individuals' health behaviors. AG is a positive focus on the self characterized by fulfillment through accomplishment and independence; CM is a positive focus on others characterized by fulfillment through relationships. UA is a negative focus on the self characterized by hostility and arrogance; UC is a negative focus on others characterized by placing others' needs before one's own. The socialization of men and women into acquired sex roles, which can be measured using AG and CM constructs, may help explain sex-related health disparities. The purpose of this research was to determine if AG and CM constructs explain more variance than sex in selected health behaviors. In general, AG and CM were expected to predict positive health behaviors, while UA and UC were expected to predict negative health behaviors. A self-report, cross-sectional survey was conducted among 398 full-time undergraduate students from two universities. Survey items measured AG and CM constructs and health behaviors, which included fruit and vegetable consumption, high-fat food consumption, physical activity, tobacco use, alcohol use, condom use, and willingness to seek professional medical and counseling services. …

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