Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Development and Preliminary Validation of a Self-Regulation of Physical Activity Scale for Children

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Development and Preliminary Validation of a Self-Regulation of Physical Activity Scale for Children

Article excerpt

One of the primary goals in physical education is to get students to begin understanding how to regulate their physical activity. In order to get a better understanding on how children regulate their thoughts toward physical activity that may lead to physical activity, an instrument was designed to examine cognitive monitoring dispositions. Zimmerman's model of self-regulated learning (2000) which is based upon Bandura's social cognitive theory was used as the theoretical foundation for the development of the instrument. The premise of the instrument is to determine the degree of agentic control children may possess for regulating their physical activity behavior. Initial item formulation was based upon a review of literature on physical activity maintenance, adherence and Delphi technique. This resulted in 20 items being formulated. The 20-item instrument was given to 810 fourth-grade students in a midwest community. The instruments were screened for missing data which resulted in 13 instruments being discarded due to missing item responses. Therefore 797 instrument data were input into SPSS v.14 for exploratory factor analysis (EFA). The EFA consisted of Bartlett's Test of Sphericity, principle component analysis for extraction of factors, and varimax rotation. The emergent factors had to meet the following criteria to be included in the model: eigenvalues greater than one and two or more items with a correlation coefficient of . …

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.