Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Effects of Group Composition for Master Learning on Backhand Squash Instruction

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Effects of Group Composition for Master Learning on Backhand Squash Instruction

Article excerpt

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of homogeneous versus heterogeneous ability grouping on performance and attitudes of students working cooperatively on master learning during back-hand squash instruction. The participants were 80 undergraduate students, classified as high and low ability skill randomly sampled from the physical activities program. An equal number of participants were randomly assigned to treatment, stratified for ability and gender. The study used a 2 x 2 randomized block design. The first factor was the type of grouping (heterogeneous versus homogeneous), and the second ability (high vs. low). The department variables were achievement and attitudes. Two-way analysis of variance results yielded a significant main effect for student ability, F(1.76) = 28.30, p < .001. The main effect for type of grouping, on the other hand, was not significant, F(1.76) = 3.18, p = .086. The interaction between ability and group composition was also significant, F(1.76) = 6.82, p = .016. In addition, the mean attitude score for low ability students was higher than the mean attitude score for high ability students. Similarly, heterogeneous ability grouping resulted in higher mean attitude score than homogeneous grouping. …

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