Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

The Role of a Specific Curriculum Model on Overall Physical Activity in Elementary, Middle and High School Students

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

The Role of a Specific Curriculum Model on Overall Physical Activity in Elementary, Middle and High School Students

Article excerpt

The prevalence of children who are overweight or obese has more than tripled since 1980. Sixteen percent of children or teens ages 6-19 years are considered overweight (NHANES, 2000). Risk factors for heart disease, diabetes, high cholesterol, and some cancers occur with increased frequency in children and adolescents who are overweight and obese compared to those with a healthy weight. These factors are important since cardiovascular diseases are responsible for more than one half of all deaths in the United States. In an attempt to reduce the percentage of youth who are overweight and obese, researchers reported that physical education curricula can be highly effective in increasing physical activity levels at school (Sallis, 1999). Researchers have recommended utilizing a fitness-based curriculum for these classes. This type of curriculum focuses on increasing a student's overall activity levels and promoting a wellness approach to living (Faucette, 2002). The purpose of this study was to evaluate different curriculum models currently used in physical education classes to determine if a certain curriculum provides students with more physical activity as compared to others. Total steps were measured on 1,111 participants (445 elementary, 302 middle school, 364 high school) and 3 different curriculum models were studied (Fitness, Sport, and Skill Themes). …

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