Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Exploring the Mediating Effect of Self-Efficacy on the Relationships between Achievement Goals and Fitness Testing Scores among Secondary Physical Education Students

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Exploring the Mediating Effect of Self-Efficacy on the Relationships between Achievement Goals and Fitness Testing Scores among Secondary Physical Education Students

Article excerpt

Achievement goals and self-efficacy are both found to be related to students' achievement-related cognition, affect, and behavior. But recent research evidence suggests that self-efficacy may mediate relationships between achievement goals and achievement behaviors (Cumming & Hall, 20(14). Such mediation, however, has not been examined within the 2 x 2 achievement goal model (mastery-approach [MAp], mastery-avoidance [MAv], performance-approach [PAp], and performance-avoidance [PAv]) in the domain of physical education. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to explore the mediating effect of self-efficacy on the relationships between achievement goals and fitness testing scores among secondary physical education students. Participants were 276 (115 boys, 161 girls) students in grades 6-9 from a suburban public school. They completed questionnaires assessing their achievement goals and self-efficacy toward fitness testing, and took a FITNESSGRAM test (consisting of body mass index, PACER, curl-up, trunk-lift, and push-up scores) at the end of the school year. The test scores were converted to t scores and served as dependent variables. Structural equation modeling analysis using Amos 5.0 was conducted with self-efficacy as a mediating variable and achievement goals as independent variables. Fit statistics indicated an adequate fit between the model and the data, [chi square] (22, N = 276) = 55.6, p > .05; CFI = . …

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