Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Middle School Students Help-Seeking Instances during Physical Education Lessons

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Middle School Students Help-Seeking Instances during Physical Education Lessons

Article excerpt

Seeking help with academic tasks has been regarded as an important strategy to enhance student learning (Zimmerman & Martinez-Pons, 1986; Newman, 1994; Ryan, Gheen, & Midgley, 1998). Seeking help is conceptualized as student-initiated efforts to secure task information or solicit advice when a deficiency in their understanding of the content exists (Zimmerman & Martinez-Pons, 1986; Newman & Schwager, 1995). A student who engages in help seeking instances is aware of their own academic progress and seeks assistance when there is a deficiency in their understanding of the content. When students use help seeking strategies they can reduce the ambiguity or difficulty of the task thereby improving their mastery of the material. A qualitative case study design was used to understand middle school students help seeking instances during their physical education classes. Ten students (6 girls and 4 boys) were selected from two middle schools. There ages ranged from 11 to 13 years. The students' participated in two semistructured interviews regarding their help seeking behaviors. Each interview lasted 20 min. Students' help seeking instances were observed using an event recording technique for 12 class periods with each lasting 45 min. Frequency counts and field notes were collected for each of the class periods. …

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