Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Racial Differences in the Effects of Barriers on Physical Activity Participation

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Racial Differences in the Effects of Barriers on Physical Activity Participation

Article excerpt

The influence of race is seen throughout society, and the exercise and physical activity context is no different. Research has shown that race influences, among other things (a) people's attitudes toward sport and exercise, (b) the sport and exercise in which people participate, and (c) the access people have to various activities, equipment, and venues. With respect to the latter, research has illustrated that racial minorities are more likely to face barriers to their participation in sport and exercise than are Whites. While the extant research has provided considerable insights, there is also room for further advances. In particular, implicit in much of the extant research is the assumption that barriers influence racial minorities and Whites the same. Clearly, such an assumption might not be valid. Rather, because of social and economic forces in place, the effects of barriers might be more deleterious to racial minorities' future physical activity participation than it is for the participation of Whites. The purpose of this study was to examine this issue in greater depth. Data were collected via questionnaire from 175 students participating in physical activity classes at a major university. Among other things, participants were asked to provide their race and to respond to items related to their barriers to participating in the physical activity and their intentions to participate in the activity over the following year. …

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