Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Coaching Staff Diversity and Its Effects on Perceptions of Diversity Value Congruence and Life Satisfaction

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Coaching Staff Diversity and Its Effects on Perceptions of Diversity Value Congruence and Life Satisfaction

Article excerpt

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of group diversity on subsequent outcomes. According to the social categorization framework, demographic differences in groups should result in intergroup bias and poor subsequent outcomes, and research generally supports this contention. However, there are process variables that might also influence this pattern of results. One such variable is perceptions of diversity. Theoretically, it is not the actual differences, per se, which result in subsequent outcomes, but the perceptions thereof. Thus, actual diversity was thought to be positively related to perceptions of diversity (Hypothesis 1). These perceptions were then thought to result in beliefs concerning more substantive issues, such as value similarity. That is, perceived group diversity was thought to be negatively related to the staff's value congruence (Hypothesis 2). Finally, although most of the diversity research has examined organizational-related variables, it is also possible that the effects reach beyond the specific organization or work group. This study examined this possibility, as it was hypothesized that value congruence of the staff would be positively related to the life satisfaction of the coaches (Hypothesis 3). Data were collected via questionnaire from members (n = 196) of 71 coaching staffs. High within-rater agreement values and eta-squared values justified aggregation to the group level. …

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