Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Title IX: Secondary School Athletic Participation by Gender, Region, and Ethnicity

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Title IX: Secondary School Athletic Participation by Gender, Region, and Ethnicity

Article excerpt

While the effects of Title IX are well documented, a detailed analysis of secondary schools' population characteristics (e.g., rural vs. urban school location, ethnicity) have not been investigated extensively. The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the interrelationships of gender, ethnicity, and student demographics in relation to participants' athletic participation (i.e., intramural and/or interscholastic) during high school. Participants of the present investigation were compiled from the National Longitudinal Educational Study (NELS), which collected data from approximately 25,000 students at 1,052 secondary schools nationwide. NELS data collections occurred while participants were enrolled in 8th grade, 10th grade, 12th grade, and during postsecondary time periods, respectively. Specific research hypothesis concerning participants' demography, ethnicity, school location (i.e., rural, suburban, or urban), and academic performance (i.e., Reading/Math composite score) were analyzed with respect to athletic participation in the 10th and/or 12th grades. Results indicated boys participated in athletics at a much higher percentage than girls. Approximately 60% of the data subset who reported athletic participation during 10th and 12th grades were boys. Girls who participated in athletics comprised approximately 40% of the sample in both 10th and 12th grades. No change in Athletic Participation x Gender over the 4 years was determined. …

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