Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Comparison of Daily Life Activity Experiences between Student Athletes and Nonathletes in a College

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Comparison of Daily Life Activity Experiences between Student Athletes and Nonathletes in a College

Article excerpt

There is a long history of measuring and analyzing how adults use time (Becket, 1965) because the amount of time spent in a given activity context (i.e., schoolwork, labor, leisure, etc.) is associated with a distinct set of socialization experiences. Student athletes who spent most of their time in playing competitive sports setting at college level encounter a different set of socialization experience than nonathletes who spend more of their time in studying or in socializing settings. Thus, the purpose of this study was to examine college student athletes' daily time use patterns. Research question was how student athletes' time is distributed across different activity contexts? Seventy eight undergraduate students at a university located in large urban areas participated in this study. The sample consisted of 42 student athletes and 36 nonathlete students. Participants ranged in age from 20 to 25 years with a mean age of 22.5 years. All of the participants were men and 35% were freshmen, 36% were sophomore, 23% were juniors, and 6% were seniors. Time use patterns were measured using the Experience Sampling Method (ESM). Participants carried a signaling device programmed to signal 7 times a day for a week at random. They also carried a small booklet of self-report forms and completed self-report forms when signaled over the course of 1 week. The ESM self-reported form contained open-ended questions, such as "What were you doing just before you were signaled? …

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