Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Motivation of Sport Participation in Elite Athletes with Physical Disabilities in Mainland China

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Motivation of Sport Participation in Elite Athletes with Physical Disabilities in Mainland China

Article excerpt

The purpose of this study was to investigate the motivation of sports participation in Chinese elite athletes with physical disabilities. The investigation aimed to determine if sport motives differed between sex (male versus female), age (youth versus adults), level and years of training, and disabilities (congenital versus acquired). One hundred forty Chinese elite athletes with physical disabilities from 14 different delegations were asked to complete the Participation Motivation Inventory (PMI) and Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire. 115 surveys (M = 64, F= 51) were returned (82.1% returning rate). SPSS was used for the data analysis, and analysis of variance and t test were used for statistical analyses. Results showed that the important factors of motivation for sports participation was Skill Development, Fun, Friendship, Achievement, Situation factors, and Energy release, from the highest to the least respectively. The Improve skill and Fun were as high incentives for sports participation, and the Situation factors and Energy release were two the least motive factors for participation. The motivation between athletes with congenital and acquired disabilities was significant different (p > .05), the athletes with congenital disabilities score much higher on "Energy release" than that of athletes with acquired disabilities. There was no significant difference between gender and type of disability on sports participation (p> . …

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