Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Effects of Gender End Race/ethnicity on the Socialization of African American Female Student Athletes

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Effects of Gender End Race/ethnicity on the Socialization of African American Female Student Athletes

Article excerpt

Most women's collegiate sports reflect an under representation of African American student athletes. The purpose of the study was to examine how the socialization process influences African American women to participate in sports in general, and to participate in certain sports specifically. Many studies have examined women in sport or African Americans in sport, but few have focused on the intersection of race, gender, and sport. Previous qualitative research with African American female student athletes at one NCAA Division I institution (Bruening, Armstrong, & Pastore, 2005) has indicated: (a) family members and teachers/coaches are the most significant socialization influences on African American female athletes; (b) power structures in sport and society impact the socialization process and African American women's part in their own socialization; (c) racism in sport and in society affects both the exposure to stereotypes and the socialization of African American women. The current study replicated the previous study at a different NCAA Division I institution in an effort to further the inquiry into the sport experiences of these women. Fourteen participants comprised six focus groups and represented the sports of track and field (6), basketball (3), volleyball (3), swimming (1), and tennis (1). …

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