Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Mentoring Effects on Job Satisfaction and Turnover Intent of Women's Assistant Soccer Coaches

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Mentoring Effects on Job Satisfaction and Turnover Intent of Women's Assistant Soccer Coaches

Article excerpt

Since the inception of Title IX, an inverse trend between increasing female athlete participation and decreasing employment rates of female head coaches has been identified in collegiate athletics. Mentoring assistant coaches may lead to the development and retention of future head coaches. Therefore, this study represents the first attempt to determine mentor functions reported by Division I Assistant Women's Soccer Coaches, and to examine the relationship between mentoring functions provided by a head coach to overall job satisfaction and occupational turnover intent. This study additionally identified gender differences in perceived mentor functions and overall occupational turnover intent. Of the 433 total Division I Assistant Women's Soccer Coaches solicited for this study, 182 returned questionnaires for a 42% return rate. Controlling for "paid coaches only" limited the final sample size to 166 with women comprising 58.4% (n = 97) and men 41.6% (n = 69). All participants completed a four-part questionnaire including: Mentor Role Instrument, Abridged Job Descriptive Index, Job in General Scale, and an Occupational Turnover Intent Scale. An analysis of the Mentor Role Instrument questionnaires showed similar perceptions of mentor functions by both men and women. Participants reported receiving from their mentors slightly more psychosocial functions (M = 81.1, SD = +/- 32.318) than career-related functions (M = 76. …

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