Academic journal article Public Personnel Management

The Relationship between Self-Esteem and Job Satisfaction of Personnel in Government Organizations

Academic journal article Public Personnel Management

The Relationship between Self-Esteem and Job Satisfaction of Personnel in Government Organizations

Article excerpt

Self-esteem describes one's feelings regarding his or her value, or it is to consider oneself as a valuable person. This particular kind of consideration comes from all of the thoughts, feelings, emotions and experiences throughout one's life. On the other hand, job satisfaction is a concept that indicates the mental and spiritual enjoyment that one gains from his or her job through satisfaction of needs, interests and hopes. (1)

Hapak (1935) defines job satisfaction in relation to psychological, physiological and social factors. That is to say that it is necessary for a person to be satisfied physically, psychologically and socially to attain job satisfaction. (2)

The 20th century has been called the century of anxiety and psychological disorders (3) and one of the duties of managers is considering their staff/employees' mental health. Managers should always consider self-esteem and job satisfaction as two important elements in mental hygiene of the staff. (4)

Acquiring new skills and increasing abilities is one of the important factors in creating self-esteem in staff members.

Undoubtedly, job satisfaction is of great importance. There are at least three reasons that managers must pay attention to the job satisfaction of their personnel:

1. There is much evidence that unsatisfied individuals leave organizations or resign.

2. It has been proven that satisfied staffs are in better health and have longer life expectancy.

3. The effects of job satisfaction are carried outside the boundaries of an organization, and thus the individual's private life is also influenced by job satisfaction. (5)

Moorhead and Griffin (1989) define man's magnanimity as his belief in the degree of his value and usefulness in the organization. They also express that recent research shows that there is relationship between magnanimity and job performance, job satisfaction and searching for new a job. For example, a person with high magnanimity may want a job that has a higher position, but a person with low magnanimity may accept the status quo. (6)

Individuals with low self-esteem show such symptoms as physical complaints, depression, anxiety, decrease in general health, the attitude of attribution of their defeats to others, job dissatisfaction and decrease in performance, lack of educational success and interpersonal problems. (7)

Therefore, consider that self-esteem and job satisfaction are important from several points of view. Self-esteem and job satisfaction have important roles in improving the organizational psychological climate, and the self-esteem of the staff can lead them to their job satisfaction.

The importance of this research and the benefits accruing on doing it are as follows:

1. The satisfaction of personnel from different aspects of their jobs is made clear, and thus the manager can differentiate the weak points of the organization from its strengths and plan in a manner that allows the removal of those weaknesses.

2. The self-esteem of personnel is clarified: for example, to what extent do personnel feel they are successful in their affairs, their self-confidence, self-consciousness, self-deprecation, etc. This in turn allows personnel and managers to treat the probable weaknesses.

3. Discovering the relationship between different aspects would make clear the relationship between diverse aspects of personnel job satisfaction and their self-esteem. Thus, if this relationship were verified, it may be possible that increasing the self-esteem of personnel will increase the probability of their job satisfaction, and vice versa.

4. Considering the above, it can be said that the decrease in job satisfaction of some personnel may be due to their low self-esteem, thus, by increasing their self-esteem, an increase in their job satisfaction may be expected, and vice versa.

5. It is clear that there is relationship between self-esteem and job satisfaction in relation to age, sexuality, being single or married, record of service, and number of family. …

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