Academic journal article College Student Journal

Discerning the Reliability of the Personal Attribute Inventory as a Measure of Students' "Self-Concepts" and "Ideal Self-Concepts"

Academic journal article College Student Journal

Discerning the Reliability of the Personal Attribute Inventory as a Measure of Students' "Self-Concepts" and "Ideal Self-Concepts"

Article excerpt

The present study sought to examine how reliable the "Personal Attribute Inventory" (Parish, Bryant, & Shirazi, 1976) is in terms of reliably discerning college students' "self-concepts," as well as their "ideal self-concepts." These students were all enrolled at a small, private, Midwestern university. They completed these surveys twice, seven days apart. The test-retest reliabilities of both scales were found to be highly statistically significant, but the correlation between students' "self-concepts" was found to be substantially higher than was the correlation between these students' "ideal self-concepts." Possible explanations are offered to account for these findings.

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Literally scores of articles have been published over the last thirty years which have found that the Personal Attribute Inventory (PAI; Parish, Bryant, & Shirazi, 1976) is both a reliable and valid measure of individuals' self-concepts. According to Kappes and Parish (1979), understanding an individual's self-concept will go a long way to helping one understand that individual's personality. For instance, as reported by Kappes and Parish (1979), students' self-concepts were actually found to be significantly correlated with eleven (11) of the sixteen (16) personality factors on the 16 PF. So we already know that our current self-concepts may readily give people insight into who we are. However, what about students' "ideal self-concepts? What do we know about them?

Well, in the present study the PAI will be used to assess college students' current "self-concepts," as well as their "ideal self-concepts" These students will be surveyed twice in order to determine the test-retest reliabilities of both of these concepts, as measured on the PAI.

Method

A small group of college students (i.e., 13), all enrolled at a small, Midwestern, liberal arts university, voluntarily responded to the PAI in the following manner. They chose the thirty words (i.e., adjectives) that were most descriptive of themselves from the one hundred words that appear on the inventory. …

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