Academic journal article Africa

Forest Management, Farmers' Practices and Biodiversity Conservation in the Monogaga Protected Coastal Forest in Southwest Cote d'Ivoire

Academic journal article Africa

Forest Management, Farmers' Practices and Biodiversity Conservation in the Monogaga Protected Coastal Forest in Southwest Cote d'Ivoire

Article excerpt


The emergence of biodiversity standards in the nature conservation literature requires that we consider the interactions between conservation and local practices from a new angle. The coastal forest of Monogaga, a protected area inhabited by a local population, is an ideal terrain for comparing the impact of local agricultural practices and the activities of Sodefor, the government agency charged with the management of this conservation area. The discourses and uses of forest resources of these two actors allow us to compare the biodiversity of forest cover categories recognized by peasant farmers and Sodefor, using the standard statistical methods for measuring biodiversity (the Shannon and Weaver index, species richness, number of special status species).

For Sodefor, it is the most dense forest ecosystems (the 'black forests') and the lands that they occupy that constitute the area's natural heritage. The agency believes that these forests must be protected from all human uses, especially farming, if the forest is to be transmitted to future generations. In contrast, Wanne farmers view the old forests (kporo) as long-term fallows (teteklwoa) or reserves of fertile land that will be cleared when there is a need for more farmland in the future. For them, patrimony is constituted by the intergenerational transmission of a bundle of resource access and farming rights within lineages.

With regard to biodiversity, a comparison of the two types of resource management practices (Sodefor and farmer) gives nuanced results. The farmers' areas are more diverse than those of Sodefor when considering the Ake Assi threatened species list. For the Sassandrian species list, both management types maintained the same quantity of species. For endemics and the IUCN red list species, the spatial units controlled by Sodefor show more diversity.


L'emergence de standards de biodiversite dans la conservation de la nature oblige a considerer les interactions entre conservation de la nature et pratiques locales sous un angle nouveau. La foret littorale de Monogaga, classee avec ses habitants est un terrain ideal pour comparer les impacts des pratiques agricoles et ceux des activites de la Sodefor, gestionnaire officiel de l'espace classe.

Apres avoir recueilli les discours sur la foret et observe les usages que ces deux acteurs font des ressources forestiers, une comparaison de la biodiversite des diverses categories de couverts forestiers reconnues par les paysans et par la Sodefor, est propose en utilisant des outils statistiques classiques des etudes de biodiversite : indice de Shannon et Weaver, richesse specifique, nombre d'especes a statut special.

Pour la Sodefor, ce sont les ecosystemes forestiers les plus denses (les 'forets noires') et les terres qu'ils occupent qui constituent le patrimoine naturel : pour etre transmis aux generations futures, il doit etre protege de toutes les activites humaines et surtout de la mise en culture. Pour les fermiers wanne, en revanche, les vieilles forets (kporo) comme les jacheres anciennes (teteklwoa) sont avant tout des reserves de terres fertiles qui seront defrichees si le besoin s'en fait sentir. Ce qui est transmis de generation en generation, au sein des lignages, c'est un ensemble de regles d'acces a certaines ressources et de droits de mise en culture.

Sur le plan de la biodiversite, la comparaison des deux types de gestion (Sodefor et paysanne) donnent des resultats nuances : Les espaces geres par les fermiers sont plus diversifies que ceux de la Sodefor quand on considere la liste des especes remarquables de Ake Assi. Pour ce qui est des especes sassandriennes, les deux types de gestion ne sont pas differents. En revanche, les especes de la liste rouge de l'IUCN sont plus diversifiees dans les sites geres par la Sodefor.


Southwestern Cote d'Ivoire is the home to plant life that naturalists, ecologists, botanists and zoologists alike study with special attention: dense humid forests. …

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed


An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.