Academic journal article International Advances in Economic Research

Is There Ingroup Favoritism in the NBA?

Academic journal article International Advances in Economic Research

Is There Ingroup Favoritism in the NBA?

Article excerpt

Gramm and Schnell (1994. Difficult choices: Crossing the picket line during the 1987 National Football League strike. Journal of Labor Economics, 12(1), pp. 41-71. January) found that NFL strikers in 1987 were more likely to cross the picket line when their union representative belonged to a different race. This finding, in turn, raises the question of whether in a sports league dominated by black athletes, such as the National Basketball Association (NBA), a team with relatively more black players wins more games if their head coach is also black.

To determine whether there is any effect of the interaction between the racial composition of a sports team and the race of the team's coach on team performance, we examined the performance of all 29 teams in the NBA in the 2005-06 season. We regressed the team's winning percentage against the opponents' field-goal percentage and the team's own field-goal percentage; the percentage of black players on the team's roster who competed in ten or more games; a binary variable for the coach's race; and an interaction term between the percentage of black players on the roster and the race of the team's coach (all data as well as pictures of players and coaches are from http://www.nba.com and http://www.basketball-reference.com). As expected, the effects of opponents' field-goal percentage and the team's own field-goal percentage on team winning were negative (P=0. …

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