Academic journal article Environmental Health Perspectives

Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition

Academic journal article Environmental Health Perspectives

Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition

Article excerpt

A third of the world's population lacks sufficient vitamins and minerals in their diet. Each year nutritional deficiencies contribute to the deaths of 1 million children under the age of 5 years and 50,000 women during or just after childbirth. Such conditions also commonly cause mental and physical health problems such as learning disabilities, birth defects, and blindness. In addition, $6 billion dollars in lost adult work performance will add up annually due to malnutrition, significantly impacting the economies of developing countries. At a special 2002 UN session on child health, the Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN) was formed to address the problems of inadequate diet in at-risk populations using food fortification, as described at http://www.gainhealth.org/.

To date GAIN has had three rounds of grant funding, with 18 projects in food fortification and infant/young child nutrition aiming to improve the nutrition of almost 600 million people. The Food Fortification subsection of the Our Programs page outlines the different levels of GAIN grants and initiatives in this area. Project leaders are working to establish and strengthen national food fortification programs in several developing countries with efforts to fortify such products as cooking oils, maize meal, wheat flour, and sauces. …

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