Under the influence of "Digital Earth", information technology becomes mature, making the procedure of information processing more systematic and integrated. The application and integration of technology like GIS technology, communications and computer network technology, Database Technology, artificial intelligence and expert system technology will play important impact on content of resource information management. In order to discovery the content of impact, we analyze the present situation of mineral resource management information system (MRMIS), summarize the problem. By comparing and analysis, we know the impact of integrated application of IT involves service target, information processing methods, system structure, system function and service content of system. By this, we forecast developing prospect, expected to provide some referred value for development of mineral resource information management.
As a kind of non-renewable, precious, limited resource, mineral resources are a major component of national resources. They are the material foundation of national economy and social development, also the basic source in human life and production. Therefore, standardization and scientific management not only provides the guarantee for efficient use and exploitation of mineral resources, but also is guaranteeing directly relating to social sustainable development.
Mineral resource information can be described as a data, expressing and controlling state and methods of resource movement. As long as there are mineral resources, there is it, reflecting the absolute and universal nature of mineral resource information. However, the resources in different regions have different existence, reflecting the relative and special nature of mineral resource information.
As a kind of resource information, mineral resource information has these features:
Accurate: this is also the requirement of information. In certain areas of scientific research, the requirement about accuracy of information is often high. For instance, when we describe the specific location of a deposit, we must give the detailed longitude and latitude. Any tiny mistakes may cause trouble to research.
True: Describing the features of mineral resource is commonly used in management carried by national organization, scientific research and disseminating knowledge. When the information is reported, it must be true.
Variable: With the change of environment, some nature of mineral resources can take up minor changes. A period of times later, these changes may become so apparent that impact on the essential character. The variable nature of the information supplies much facilitation for the research.
Continual: Based on the changes of resource feature, updating data should be done every so often when storing the information, guaranteeing the accuracy of information.
Systemic: when mineral resource described, many words will be come up, like longitude, latitude, location, structure etc. Resource information must consist of all the features, benefiting all kinds of researching works.
Data going together with graph: mineral resource information has its spatial and attribute feature. When it is described, data and graph may be used together.
Mineral resource information management involves the social practice procedure of mineral resource information. It collects, stores and disposes information, as well as supplies service to it, by a variety of ways to plan, organize, command, control and coordinate, with the aim to control the mineral resource development by using human, material, finance resources effectively. Mineral resource information management is the product and need of social development. It reflects the progress of the mankind to some extent. It covers the entire process of mineral resource information collection, organization, processing, storage, distribution and services. …