Academic journal article Journal of Environmental Health

Evaluating Citizen Attitudes and Participation in Solid Waste Management in Tehran, Iran

Academic journal article Journal of Environmental Health

Evaluating Citizen Attitudes and Participation in Solid Waste Management in Tehran, Iran

Article excerpt

* As municipal solid waste (MSW) problems become more complicated, waste policies also become more numerous and complex.

* Recently, increasing attention has been paid to the environmental impact of solid waste in Iran.

* Having a population of about 10 million (about 1/7 of Iran's total population), Tehran is among the most populated capitals in the world.

* With 22 different districts, this city generates approximately 7,000 tons of municipal waste per day that culminates in 2.5 million tons annually.

* If a reduction strategy on the waste stream is not implemented, this huge amount of waste will be buried in Kahrizak (the exclusive landfill site of Tehran).

* Land and underground water resource degradation in the vicinity of the landfill site--as well as epidemic disease ourbreaks that were obviously observed by the researchers in the area surrounding the site--may be considered as alarming warnings for further catastrophic consequences of uncontrolled waste dumping.

* In this study, the authors analyze the current composition of Tehran's generated waste and make some practical recommendations in order to reduce the waste stream load directed towards land.

* The authors also evaluate the degree to which people are concerned about the fate of the waste they generate.

* Trained interviewers performed door-to-door surveys to evaluate citizens' attitudes and beliefs about participation in point-of-generation reduction programs like source separation, waste minimization, etc. …

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