Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

Philosophy and Phenomenological Research: Vol. 76, Issue 3, May 2008

Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

Philosophy and Phenomenological Research: Vol. 76, Issue 3, May 2008

Article excerpt

Klein on the Unity of Cartesian and Contemporary Skepticism, ERIK J. OLSSON

"Whatever Begins to Be Must Have a Cause for Its Existence": Hume's Analysis and Kant's Response, HENRY E. ALLISON

How Are Basic Belief-Forming Methods Justified, DAVID ENOCH and JOSHUA SCHECHTER

In this paper, we present an account of in virtue of what thinkers are justified in employing certain basic belief forming methods. The guiding idea is inspired by Reichenbach's work on induction. There are certain projects in which thinkers are rationally required to engage. Thinkers are epistemically justified in employing a belief forming method that is indispensable for successfully engaging in such a project. We present a detailed account based on this intuitive thought, and address objections to it. We conclude by commenting on the implications that our account may have for other important epistemological debates.

Contextualism and the Factivity Problem, PETER BAUMANN

Epistemological contextualism--the claim that the truth value of knowledge attributions can vary with the context of the attributor--has recently faced a whole series of objections. The most serious one, however, has not been discussed much so far: the factivity objection. …

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