Academic journal article Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy

The Riddle of a Human Being: A Human Singularity of Co-Evolutionary Processes

Academic journal article Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy

The Riddle of a Human Being: A Human Singularity of Co-Evolutionary Processes

Article excerpt

'Each man has a hole in his soul whose measure is God'. Jean-Paul Sartre

A COMPLEX WHOLE AS A SYNTHESIS OF PRECEEDING STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT

One of main inherent attitudes of social development at present is to radically change a human being in order to change for the better the social life. A human being is an elementary cell of society, and by transforming the social medium on the level of elements and by changing own properties of this medium, we can change a field of possible paths of development of this medium as well as facilitate reaching preferable future states of society as a complex system. This most important attitude has been often formulated to the letter vice versa: one need to change society and the social conditions of life in it in order a man himself would change.

Everywhere in the modern life, in the scientific literature as well in the popular scientific literature, at numerous scientific conferences and seminars, in the settings of tasks of perspective research formulated by a great number of grant finders and grant holders in their research projects, in discussions conducted in the Internet, a key inner aspiration and the setting of a decisive task could be traced: how to liberate a man, how to make him truly creative, active and interactive, how to facilitate his embedding in a social medium and to make him creative in communication and activity.

A task is set in such a way: to liberate a man socially, to raise his quality of life by providing him with a well-deserved place in the scale of ranks in a corresponding society. Another task is set as well: to liberate a man by rendering more free time to him. For instance, members of the World Futures Studies Federation actively discussed in February 2002 through the World Wide Web a report of Reuters agency that by 2009 robots-humanoids will perform work in factories, by 2015 they will be able to take upon themselves almost any work in hospitals and at home, and, by 2025 in the developed countries, there will be more such kind of robots than people. In other words, the task set is to liberate a man in a spiritual way by dint of ousting a bodily man.

From the point of view of synergetics, it is obvious that such a statement of the question and such formulations of objectives of social transformations are doubtful and, may be, even dangerous. The nature of complex formations and structures in the world is so that their complexity is connected not only with a great number of composing elements and subsystems and not only with the complexity of interactions between them, but also with a complex way of their unification and with a synthesis in them of previous historical states (stages) of development.

According to synergetics, a man as a microcosm is a synthesis of preceding stages of development, at that, perhaps, and both ontogenetic and phylogenetic development. The coming into being of a complex whole is accompanied by the accumulation of all preceding stages of development and by their right, resonant insertion into a united structure of "burning" of a human creature and not by their ousting and cutting off. Obviously, it doesn't signify that all without exception historical stages of development enter a whole developed structure and that they are inserted into it in an invariable and historically fixed form. By assembling the complex, some preceding stages of development can fall out in a natural way and other, essential ones can enter in a converted, transformed state. The building of a complex whole leads to transformation of parts, elements, subsystems which form it.

From the theoretical viewpoint, it becomes clear that, for the purpose of transformation of a human being, one cannot simply force the old, the wild and the unreasonable, the bodily basis out of him, out of his psyche. One cannot simply cut off his history. The old, a burden of his historical path should be included, resonantly integrated, transformed in him. …

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