Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

Phronesis: Vol. 54, No. 2, 2009

Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

Phronesis: Vol. 54, No. 2, 2009

Article excerpt

Mistakes of Reason: Practical Reasoning and the Fallacy of Accident, ALLAN BACK

For Aristotle the fallacy of accident arises from mistakes about being per accidens and not from accidental predication. Mistakes in perceiving per accidens come from our judgements about being per accidens and so commit that fallacy. Practical syllogisms have the same formal structure as being and perceiving per accidens. Moreover perceiving per accidens typically provides the minor premise for the practical syllogism as it makes it possible for us to know singular propositions, especially those about substances. Thus, these minor premises may come about through fallacious reasoning, what today would be called reasoning via collateral information. On account of these foundations for the practical syllogism, even a person of practical wisdom will need a lot of luck to avoid mistakes.

Sons of the Earth: Are the Stoics Metaphysical Brutes? KATJA MARIA VOGT

This paper argues that the Stoics develop an account of corporeals that allows their theory of bodies to be, at the same time, a theory of causation, agency, and reason. The paper aims to shed new light on the Stoics' engagement with Plato's Sophist. It argues that the Stoics are Sons of the Earth insofar as, for them, the study of corporeals--rather than the study of being--is the most fundamental study of reality. …

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