Academic journal article Journal of Family Studies

Dissertation Abstracts International, Section B: The Sciences and Engineering: Division of Domestic Labor and Marital Satisfaction: A Cross-Cultural Analysis

Academic journal article Journal of Family Studies

Dissertation Abstracts International, Section B: The Sciences and Engineering: Division of Domestic Labor and Marital Satisfaction: A Cross-Cultural Analysis

Article excerpt

The current study used three theoretical perspectives in explaining division of household labour and marital satisfaction cross-culturally: relative resource, time availability-constraints, and gender ideology perspectives. It was proposed that the complex relationships between determinants and consequences of division of household work vary cross-culturally. Data from the International Social Survey Programme, the 2002 Family and Changing Gender Roles module, was utilized. Thirty-four countries participated in the survey; however, only thirty were included in the mixed models due to the lack of GDP per capita values for four countries. Only married and cohabiting individuals were selected (n = 29,956). Multilevel modelling was used to analyze the proposed models. Results indicated that in explaining division of housework cross-culturally, relative resource theory and time-availability-constraints were supported by the data. Nevertheless, their relationships with division of housework varied based on gender and cultural context. Women with higher levels of education from more individualist countries performed significantly less time in housework than women with higher levels of education from more collectivist countries. In more individualist countries men performed similarly, regardless of their contribution to the family's income. In more collectivist countries, men participated significantly less in housework when their income was higher than their wives' income and much more when their partners were the main financial provider. …

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