Academic journal article International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health

Nearly 33 Million More Young Males Than Females in China

Academic journal article International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health

Nearly 33 Million More Young Males Than Females in China

Article excerpt

China's one-child policy and the use of sex-selective abortion have resulted in an estimated excess of nearly 33 million males under the age of 20, according to an analysis of data from China's 2005 inter-census survey, which was based on a representative sample of 1 % of the country's total population. (1) In the 12 months before the survey, 120 male children were born for every 100 females--equaling 11,320 more males than females born among the sample that year. If extrapolated to the whole Chinese population, an estimated excess of 1,132,000 males were born during the year prior to the survey, and among the entire population younger than 20 in 2005, males outnumbered females by 32,706,400. For all children younger than 20, the sex ratio peaked at 124 among 1-4-year-olds and decreased among older age-groups, suggesting that China's bias toward male children increased between 1986 and 2004, corresponding to the growing availability of ultrasound equipment used to detect fetal sex. …

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