Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

American Philosophical Quarterly: October 2009, Vol. 46, No. 4

Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

American Philosophical Quarterly: October 2009, Vol. 46, No. 4

Article excerpt

Desires and Reasons, ALAN GOLDMAN

The article explores whether desires generate practical reasons. It expands the argument advocated by Ruth Chang regarding the question of whether reasons are created by desires themselves and argues that it is not the desire's affective component that normally indicates the presence of reason. It presents contrasting examples demonstrating the relevant and irrelevant desires that do not appear to create reasons.

Resting Content: Sensible Satisficing? PATRICIA GREENSPAN

The article discusses the sense of satisficing and its rationality. It argues that it is in bird-in-hand cases where satisficing makes sense, and that coherent rationale is present in it without refuting theories of maximization. The defense of satisficing is indicated to turn on the subjective factors' limitation in making decisions that affect the value of options. Satisficing is noted as based on the concerns of moral psychology and that its notion originally surfaced in economics.

Desires, Reasons, and Rationality, JOSHUA GERT

The article discusses the theory of desires, reasons, and rationality. It argues a view concerning the very thing that practical reason constitutes and the components that determine the rational status of action. It presents a case study reflecting how the relevance of desires to subjective rational status forms the notion that desires provide reasons.

Reasons, Regresses, and Tragedy: The Epistemic Regress Problem and the Problem of the Criterion, ANDREW D. CLING

The article discusses the problem of epistemic regress and criterion. The author states the definition of epistemic regress problem, which is an ancient skeptical paradox of the chain, and how the epistemic regress and criterion problems relate to the special case of the paradox of reasons. …

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