Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

Phronesis: Vol. 55, No. 1

Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

Phronesis: Vol. 55, No. 1

Article excerpt

Socrates and Gorgias, JAMES DOYLE

This paper tries to solve some problems concerning the interpretation of Socrates' conversation with Gorgias about the nature of rhetoric in Plato's Gorgias (448e6-461b2). It begins by clarifying what, ethically, is at stake in the conversation (section 2). In the main body of the paper (sections 3-6) it addresses the question of what we are to understand Gorgias as believing about the nature of rhetoric: it criticizes accounts given by Charles Kahn and John Cooper, and suggests an alternative account of my own. In the final section it spells out some of the implications of my account for the interpretation of the Gorgias, and of Plato more generally.

Truth and Contradiction in Aristotle's De Interpretatione 6-9, RUSSELL E. JONES

In De Interpretatione 6-9, Aristotle considers three logical principles: the principle of bivalence, the law of excluded middle, and the rule of contradictory pairs (according to which of any contradictory pair of statements, exactly one is true and the other false). Surprisingly, Aristotle accepts none of these without qualification. This paper offers a coherent interpretation of these chapters as a whole, while focusing special attention on two sorts of statements that are of particular interest to Aristotle: universal statements not made universally and future particular statements. With respect to the former, it argues that Aristotle takes them to be indeterminate and so to violate the rule of contradictory pairs. …

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