Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

Phronesis: Vol. 55, No. 2

Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

Phronesis: Vol. 55, No. 2

Article excerpt

Signification, Essence, and Meno's Paradox: A Reply to David Charles's 'Types of Definition in the Meno', GAIL FINE

According to David Charles, in the Meno Socrates fleetingly distinguishes the signification from the essence question, but, in the end, he conflates them. Doing so, Charles thinks, both leads to Meno's paradox and prevents Socrates from answering it satisfactorily. The author argues that Socrates doesn't conflate the two questions and that his reply to Meno's paradox is more satisfactory than Charles allows.

The Ranking of the Goods at Philebus 66a-67b, P. M. LANG

At the very end of Plato's Philebus Socrates and Protarchus place the goods of a human life in a hierarchy (66a-67b). Previous interpretations of this passage have concentrated upon its relevance to the good human life, including the allowance of true and pure pleasures. This view picks up Plato's metaphor of a mixture of reason and pleasure, but the ranking of the goods is emphatically a vertical stratification and not a mixture in which all elements are equally fundamental. This article argues that each and all of the higher ranked goods are necessary conditions for the goods of the level immediately below. …

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