Academic journal article International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health

Global Maternal Mortality Drops between 1980 and 2008

Academic journal article International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health

Global Maternal Mortality Drops between 1980 and 2008

Article excerpt

The global rate of maternal mortality declined substantially over the past three decades, although decreases did not occur in all regions or countries, according to an analysis of pregnancy-related deaths among women aged 15-49 from 181 countries. (1) This analysis, based on data from vital registration systems, censuses and surveys, indicates that the estimated number of maternal deaths worldwide decreased from 526,200 in 1980 to 342,900 in 2008--an annual rate of decline of 1.5%. The global maternal mortality ratio decreased from 422 per 100,000 live births in 1980 to 251 per 100,000 in 2008--an annual rate of decline of 1.8%. The proportion of the world's maternal deaths that occurred in Sub-Saharan Africa more than doubled over the period--from 23% to 52%--because of increased maternal mortality in that region since the early 1990s, as well as decreases in Asia. Regionally, South Asia and all regions of Sub-Saharan Africa continue to have the highest maternal mortality, with 2008 ratios above 280. …

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