Academic journal article International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health

Intimate Partner Violence and Infant Death in India

Academic journal article International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health

Intimate Partner Violence and Infant Death in India

Article excerpt

The children of women who have experienced intimate partner violence are more likely than the children of other women to die within their first year of life, according to an analysis of National Family Health Survey data on 3,909 live births that occurred to 89,199 married 15-39-year-old women in four Indian states. (1) The proportion of women who had ever experienced physical intimate partner violence ranged from 16% in Maharashtra to 31% in Tamil Nadu; the proportion who had experienced violence within the previous 12 months ranged from 9% in Maharashtra to 23% in Bihar. The infant mortality (death within 12 months of birth) rate varied by state, from 44 to 57 per 1,000 live births; the rate of perinatal mortality (death within one week of birth) was high (36-45) and contributed substantially to the infant mortality rate. In bi-variate analyses, the infant mortality rate for women who had experienced more than one episode of violence in the previous year was greater than that for women who had experienced none (71 vs. 50); similar results were found for perinatal morality (55 vs. …

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