Bibliometrics is a research method used in library and information science. It is a quantitative study of various aspects of literature on a topic and is used to identify the pattern of publication, authorship, and secondary journal coverage to gain insight into the dynamics of growth of knowledge in the areas under consideration. This can lead to better organization of information resources, which is essential for effective and efficient use. Bibliometrics has attained sophistication and complexity with a national, international, and interdisciplinary character.
The term "bibliometrics" was coined by Pritchard in 1969. A pioneering example of a bibliometric study was statistical analysis of the literature of comparative anatomy from 1543 to 1860, done by counting book and journal titles, and grouping them by countries of origin and periods. In 1923, a study was conducted by Hulme, entitled "Statistical Analysis of the History of Science". His analysis was based on the entries in the English International Catalogue of Scientific Literature. A third study was the work of Gross and Gross reported in 1927. They counted and analyzed the citations in articles from the Journal of the American Chemical Society, and produced a list of journals deemed important to chemical education. Another prominent work was Bradford's 1934 article on the distribution of literature in lubrication research. It is an important part of the theoretical foundation of bibliometrics, "Bradford's Law of Scattering."
In 1948, the great library scientist, S.R. Ranganathan, coined the term "librametry", which historically appeared first and was intended to streamline the services of librarianship. Bibliometrics is analogous to Ranganathan's librametrics, the Russian concept scientometrics, boometrics, and subdisciplines like econometrics, psychometrics, sociometrics, biometrics, technometrics, chemometrics, and climetrics, where mathematics and statistics are applied to study and solve problems in their respective fields. Scientometrics is now used for the application of quantitative methods to the history of science and overlaps with bibliometrics to a considerable extent.
Need for the Study
Periodicals are the indicators of literature growth in any field of knowledge. They emerge as the main channel for transmitting knowledge. Due to the escalating cost of the periodicals and lack of adequate library budgets, the selection of any particular journal for a library should be done carefully. Library authorities are forced to reduce the number of journal subscriptions. Bibliometric analysis has many applications in library and information science in identifying research trends, core journals, etc., and thereby framing subscription policies for tomorrow. These studies will be helpful for librarians in collection development.
Library Philosophy and Practice
Library Philosophy and Practice (LPP) describes itself as "a peer-reviewed electronic journal that publishes articles exploring the connection between library practice and the philosophy and theory behind it. These include explorations of current, past, and emerging theories of librarianship and library practice, as well as reports of successful, innovative, or experimental library procedures, methods, or projects in all areas of librarianship, set in the context of applied research." (http://unllib.unl.edu/LPP It was founded in 1998 and was published twice a year until 2007, when it began to publish a continuous annual volume.
Objectives of the Study
The present study has been undertaken with the objective of analyzing the following aspects.
Analysis of articles
* to make an analysis of articles published in LPP from 2005-2009.
* to identify the number of contributions published during the period of study.
* to determine the year-wise distribution of articles.
* to study the authorship pattern
* to find out the ranking of leading contributors
* to study the subject coverage of articles. …