Academic journal article Journal of Tourism Challenges and Trends

Exploring Infrastructure Criticalities for the Development of Bundelkhand Region as a Ecotourism Destination

Academic journal article Journal of Tourism Challenges and Trends

Exploring Infrastructure Criticalities for the Development of Bundelkhand Region as a Ecotourism Destination

Article excerpt

Introduction

Any form of tourism involves activities of persons traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for leisure, business and other purposes and ecotourism in not an exception. Ecotourism infrastructure demands for goods and services, and the establishments which provide such services are considered as part of the tourism industry. Further, the tourism Infrastructure also includes establishments whose products are mainly sold to visitors, though they do not form a major share of tourist consumption. Several infrastructure sectors like power, telecommunication, water supply, roads and some production sectors like travel items, sports equipment; photographic materials, medicines and cosmetics are included in this category along with tourism infrastructure. The infrastructure for tourism thus includes basic infrastructure components like airports, railways, roads, waterways, electricity, water supply, drainage, sewerage, solid waste disposal systems and services. Moreover, facilities like accommodation, restaurants, recreational facilities and shopping facilities also comes under the ambit of tourism infrastructure. Planning for sustainable development of tourism infrastructure, therefore, involves the integrated development of basic infrastructure and amenities along with all the tourism facilities in a balanced manner. The basic requirements for the development of tourism Infrastructure are Accommodation, Forest lodges, tented accommodation. Tourist complexes / tourist lodges, Wayside amenities, Restaurants, tourist reception centers, pilgrim sheds / dormitories, etc. at pilgrimage centers. Tourist transport: mini-buses, jeeps, etc. for wild life viewing; ferry launchers for water transport; tourist coaches in selected circuits; special tourist trains.

In India the Central Department of Tourism meets almost the entire expenditure, except the cost of land and interior decoration in the case of construction projects. The Central Government provides 28% cost of the project and 12% is provided by the State Governments. The remaining 60% has to be raised as a loan from financial institutions or banks. It is expected that the State Governments would be able to mobilize more resources from financial institutions for investment in tourism infrastructure (www.indiainbusiness.nic.in/ industry-infrastructure/service-ectors/tourism.htm)

The research theme is sustainable development which suggests feasible development pathway that Bundelkhand Region in India can take by improving its existing infrastructure-which include road, sight seeing places, water, energy problems etc and deliver a value to its users/ tourist and a source of revenue generation to its local community members by the promotion of eco tourism.

Research Questions

How ecotourism potential can be enhanced in Bundelkhand Region by integrated development of Tourism Infrastructure; What are the barriers to overcome for the development of ecotourism in existing infrastructure and how new eco-tourism destinations can be created.

Objectives

1. Identifying and prioritizing ecotourism destinations in Bundelkhand Region

2. Overseeing the process of infrastructure and facilities related to transportation, waste management, water usage, energy usage, facilities maintenance, recreation etc.

3. Exploring opportunities how new destinations can be promoted as a ecotourism destination and how an improvement can be done in existing infrastructure.

Scope of Study

As ecotourism research can be applied in wider areas but for this research it is restricted to study existing infrastructure for ecotourism thus includes basic infrastructure components like railways, roads, waterways, electricity, water supply, drainage, sewerage, solid waste disposal systems and services etc. Beside this new ecotourism destinations will also be identified by studying existing ecotourism destinations. …

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