Academic journal article Journal of Gender and Social Issues

A Study of Attitude of Low-Income and High Income Parents towards the Education of Their Male and Female Children

Academic journal article Journal of Gender and Social Issues

A Study of Attitude of Low-Income and High Income Parents towards the Education of Their Male and Female Children

Article excerpt

Byline: Dr. Khalid Makhdoom - Email: khalidmakhdoom@yahoo.com and Dr. Khalid Khurshid - Email: khalidkhurshid@bzu.edu.pk

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the study was to explore and examine the attitude of low-income and high-income parents towards the education of their male and female children. The sample comprised two hundred and four (204) parents from Multan city. The sample was further divided into four (04) strata i-e low-income, high-income, 11000-15000 and 15000-20000 salaries. The technique of disproportionate stratified random sampling was used for drawing sample. A 5-point rating scale was developed for the parents. The scale comprised twenty-seven (27) items. The data gathered was analyzed by using percentage; mean score, standard deviation and z-test. It was found that the majority of the parents agreed on the importance of education of their children both male and female and no significance difference was found between two groups i.e. of low-income and high-income parents about the importance of education of their male and female children.

To see the significance difference of attitude of low-income and high-income groups, z-test was applied. Statement-wise analysis showed that on twenty-five (25) statements (93%), mean score was more than (3.0) which showed a high level of agreement of the parents on the subject under investigation.

Keywords: Attitude, Low-income, High-income, Parents, Male and Female.

INTRODUCTION

Attitude is a trend that determines an individual's opinions, emotions and behaviors on a psychological object (Basi, 1996). Attitudes as a personality disposition affects conduct and belief in relation to some persons, institution, situation or object; revealing itself, for example, love and hate in degree of intensity from person to person (Collins, 1973).

Attitude is not a name of solid or concrete object. It cannot be seen like other tangible things. In technical terms, the attitude is a theoretical construct that is why; it cannot be observed directly but only through one's acts. It is a personal response to an object, developed through experiences, which can be characterized as favorable or unfavorable (Asif, 1997).

In this context, parental attitude and support has a great deal of influence on education of their children (Taylor, 2005). All the parents want to make the life of their children successful and comfortable from future point of view. In this regard, education can play a vital role to achieve these targets. In this respect, Sybil (2005) says:

"No parent would choose to give his or her children an inferior gift, or a gift that would be harmful in any way. The gift of good education is a most valuable one"

In this context, Mensah (2005) quoting Confucius has also indicated the importance of family in improving education of a child.

"To put the world in order, we must first put the nation in order; to put the nation in order, we must put the family in order; to put family in order, we must first cultivate our personal life, we must first set our hearts right "

The Hadiths of Messenger of Allah, Muhammad (Peace Be upon Him) contain wise counsels and indications which stress that a child has just right on his parents who should be kind to him, educate him well and give him good name, as is shown in the following Hadiths:

"Be generous to your offspring's and educate them well" (Ibn-e-Majja, Kitabul-al-Adam, pp 3661) and "one of the rights of child the father should respect is to give him a good name and educate him well" and "the best present a father can give his child is to educate him well" (Al-Tarmiza, Al-Birrwal-Salah, no 1875 Ahmad, Masnad-al-Mkkiuuin, no 14854)".

Parents do perform the leading role in the field of general and informal instruction of their children. The behavior and attitude of their parents, customs and beliefs, have an everlasting impression upon the mental disposition of the children and the behavior and attitude they exhibit their lives. …

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