Academic journal article Library Philosophy and Practice

Modeling LIS Students' Intention to Adopt E-Learning: A Case from University of Nigeria, Nsukka

Academic journal article Library Philosophy and Practice

Modeling LIS Students' Intention to Adopt E-Learning: A Case from University of Nigeria, Nsukka

Article excerpt

Introduction

Many individuals today are in real pursuit of literacy. This is characteristic of students in higher level of education that is the University level. University students are in great pursuit of information; they are willing to learn new things, ideas, technologies and also learn new way of acquiring information. This obviously occurs now that the world in turning into a global village. This is the world of information and communication technology (ICT). In education, computer has made tremendous impacts to enhance learning. Information and communication technology and its use have impacted the way learners and educators acquire and deliver information (Eke, 2009). These technologies have been applied in so many ways in the learning pursuit. They can come in electronic formats which are, learning via electronic means for learners. This becomes e-learning. E-learning (electronic learning) involves use of electronic media (the Internet, DVD, CDROM, Videotape, television, cell phones, etc.) for teaching and learning at a distance. (Engelbrecht, 2005). An e-learning unit at University of Nigeria Nsukka to promote and encourage the use of e-learning in teaching and learning, through a variety of academic activities. E-learning at the University of Nigeria is clearly seen to be at its infancy stage, and that gives relevance to the present study which is to investigate the factors that affect LIS students' intentions to adopt e-learning. Specifically, there are two research questions, viz:

* to what extent do LIS students in UNN intend to adopt e-learning?

* What is the best group of factors that can be used in predicting students' intentions to adopt e-learning?

The following sections introduce relevant information about: E-learning in general, e-learning in UNN, e-learning adoption, and an investigation of the factors that affect students' intention to adopt e-learning.

An Overview of E-Learning

Electronic learning or e -learning as popularly called has been variously defined by different authors. It goes like the name sounds. The prefix 'e' stands for electronic, and electronic learning is learning via electronic means. It is a web-based kind of learning. Web here entails learning online; learning via the world wide web. This is actually another side of e-learning. Once synonymous with distance learning, e-learning has quickly evolved to include not only courses that are taught online and over a distance, but also to include traditional "brick and mortar" courses that have been enhanced with electronic elements (McLean, N. and Sander, 2003). E-learning is simply a kind of learning that is enabled by electronic technology. It could be web-based learning, computer-based learning, or virtual classrooms and content delivery via e-networks, audio or video tape, satellite TV, video conferencing, CD-ROM, i-pods, emails, wireless and mobile technology.

Electronic learning is considered to be adequate method for the training of human resources of contemporary organizations and enterprises; due to the advantages it offers (Cantoni et.al; 2004; Driscoll, 2002; Kruse, 2004; Rosenberg, 2000a). E-learning is learner-controlled, in which case the individual has authority over the learning environment; it is self-faced giving chance for students to work with their own time-table and learners can assess training when it is convenient for them, at home or in the office. Added by Horton (2001), e-learning gives learners an opportunity to broaden their knowledge because they can learn on their own and that increases learners' level of confidence and independence. Moses (2001) noted that:

e-learning offers a powerful alternative to a traditional form of learning that has worked for many centuries. Perhaps as importantly, it has forced us to rethink our working environments, what we need to learn, why we need that learning, and how we go about measuring success. …

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