Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Examination of Actual and Perceived Body Image among College Students

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Examination of Actual and Perceived Body Image among College Students

Article excerpt

Physical self-concept (PSC) is an important mediator of outcomes in physical activity. Recent research has demonstrated PSC contributes to improving and promoting levels of physical and skill development associated with physical education classes beyond what can be expected by prior measures of skill and activity (Peart, Marsh, Richards, Martin, & Dowson, 2006). The purpose of this study was to examine actual and perceived body image among college students. Three hundred seventy-eight students (M age = 23.36 years, SD = 6.19) selected from physical activity classes at a comprehensive university in California participated in this study. Standard fitness tests were administered to measure actual body fat (body mass index [BMI] and skinfold), strength (handgrip dynamometer), endurance (push-ups), and flexibility (sit-and-reach). Perceived physical self (i.e., body image), was measured by the Physical Self-Description Questionnaire (Marsh, 1996; PSDQ). Pearson product-moment correlations were performed to examine relationships between actual and perceived body image. Results showed no significant discrepancies were found between actual and perceived body image; BMI/body fat ( r = . …

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