Academic journal article Library Philosophy and Practice

Use of Library Resources by Staff and Students of Secondary Schools in Umuahia North Local Government Area of Abia State

Academic journal article Library Philosophy and Practice

Use of Library Resources by Staff and Students of Secondary Schools in Umuahia North Local Government Area of Abia State

Article excerpt


A school library is one that is established in a primary or secondary school (Edoka 2000). In modern times these libraries are evolved into school library resource centers. According to Fayose (1995), "--a school library is that part of school where a collection of books periodicals, magazines, and newspapers, firms and filmstrips, videotapes, recording of all types, slides, computers, study kits, and other information resources are housed for use by teachers and pupils for learning, recreational activities, personal interest and inter personal relationships of children in school".

This range of information resources is necessary to enable the school library fulfill its functions among which are: to systematically provide information resources required for the school's educational programmes and to assist in improving and increasing the reading skills and learning habits of students. The researchers did not see any library in Secondary Technical School Afaraukwu and Okaiuga Secondary, though there was a place labeled as library.

Government College Umuahia has a good library accommodation and furniture but the collections were mainly outdated. The materials were not displayed on the shelves; they were locked up in a store. There were no seats in the library of Ibeku High School. The school library accommodation is part of the block refurbished by the Shell Development Company, Port Harcourt. There were also no tables for students to make use of the library. The collections were outdated and were locked up in closed shelves.

Students had to come into the library with their seats or blocks in order to make use of the library. They also came in with their own books. The collections of the school libraries are outdated and no more relevant to the present teaching and learning.

At Girls Secondary School, Umuahia the library was accommodated in a space of about two classrooms. Few tables and racks were seen. The library was stocked with old books. In fact, some of the books are of higher level of readership and therefore not relevant to the teaching and learning processes in the school.

Williams Memorial Secondary School, Afuigiri has an impressive school library. The carrels were arranged for easy movement in and around the library. The books were impressively recorded and arranged, also not catalogued as was the case of other libraries, earlier visited. One unit of personal computer (PC) is stalled in a room adjourning the library hall. The equipment and furniture were donations from the indigenes of the community living abroad and the State Ministry of Education.

At Girls Secondary School, Akpahia-Afuigiri, the researchers observed that the library lacked chairs and tables. There were also no shelves. The library collections were mainly donations from groups of indigenes of the community. These materials were not properly documented and also not well arranged in the cupboards. Very few students were observed reading their personal books in the library. The library is poorly accommodated.

Aguolu (2002), posits that work in a school library requires staff of various categories and levels of education and training. The following categories may be needed, depending on the student enrolment, staff collection and academic programme.

* Librarian employed as school librarian with or without any teacher qualification.

* Teacher-Librarian (currently any teacher put in charge of the school library with or without library training.)

* Library Officers

* Library Assistants

* Library Attendants

* Library Prefects.

These categories of employees will help school libraries fulfill their mission.

Background Information on Umuahia North Local Government Area

Umuahia North Local Government Area was created in 1996 by the then Government of Ibrahim Babangida in August 1991. …

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