Academic journal article Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law

Human Rights and Humanitarian Law - Conflict or Convergence

Academic journal article Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law

Human Rights and Humanitarian Law - Conflict or Convergence

Article excerpt

I.   PROCEEDINGS
II.  INTRODUCTION
III. THE ORIGINS OF HUMAN RIGHTS LAW AND HUMANITARIAN LAW
IV.  THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN HUMAN RIGHTS AND INTERNATIONAL
     HUMANITARIAN LAW
V.   CONFLICT OR CONVERGENCE?
VI.  CONCLUSION

I. PROCEEDINGS

DEAN RAWSON: I judge that by the quiet that came over the room that we are ready to begin. I'm Robert Rawson the Interim Dean of the Case Western Reserve School of Law and in that capacity, it's my privilege and pleasure to welcome you to what will be a splendid presentation.

Before introducing our speaker, I would like to recognize a man who, in a very real sense, has made this occasion possible and has been, in his own right, an advocate for human rights for some time now. Ten years ago, University trustee Bruce Klatsky, then Chairman and CEO of Phillips Van Heusen Corporation and member of the Board of Human Rights Watch, where he's been on the board for some years now, provided a special endowment to the law school for a human rights lecture series and an annual fellowship for two students with Human Rights Watch.

The Klatsky Seminar in Human Rights has become the centerpiece of our expanding program here at the law school in human rights. That human rights program also includes internships, organizations, and institutions dedicated to human rights across the globe, human rights projects in several countries and research assistance to five international tribunals. Our work for the A.B.A. Task Force on reforming the human rights commission won the A.B.A. Outstanding Policy Initiative Award in 2005 and about that same year, Professor Scharf and our war crimes research program were nominated by the Prosecutor of the Special Court for Sierra Leone for the Nobel Peace Prize.

Bruce Klatsky has been an inspiration for these initiatives and for, obviously, this session itself. Bruce, I wonder if you wouldn't mind standing so others can recognize, along with me, your contribution? (Applause.)

Past Klatsky lecturers have included Assistant Secretary of State for Human Rights Harold Koh, Pulitzer prize winning author Samantha Power, Prosecutor of the International Tribunal David Crane, Head of the Department of Justice's Office of Special Investigations Eli Rosenbaum, Executive Director of Human Rights Watch Kenneth Roth, the President of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights Michael Reisman, and International Criminal Tribunal Judge Geoffrey Robertson.

Today, joining this illustrious list of lecturers is today's Klatsky lecturer, Sir Christopher Greenwood, Judge of the International Court of Justice. Also known as the World Court, the International Court of Justice is the United Nations' highest court. It has jurisdiction over cases between countries and over the years has decided crucial cases, including: judgments on the legality of nuclear weapons, responsibility for genocide in Bosnia, and the liability of the United States for mining the harbors of Nicaragua.

Before his appointment, Judge Greenwood was one of the world's foremost scholar practitioners. He was a distinguished professor of International Law at the London School of Economics, and as Queen's Counsel, he argued ten cases before England's highest court, as well as dozens of other cases before the International Court of Justice (ICJ), the European Court of Justice (ECJ), the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR), and the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY).

Today, we are indeed privileged to hear from Judge Greenwood whose lecture is entitled "Human Rights and Humanitarian Law: Conflict or Convergence." After Judge Greenwood speaks for about forty minutes, our tradition is to open it up for questions for about twenty minutes and then we will hold a reception immediately after that in the rotunda immediately behind me. Please join me, ladies and gentlemen, in welcoming Judge Christopher Greenwood. (Applause)

JUDGE GREENWOOD: Dean, ladies and gentlemen, first of all, thank you, very much, for those extremely kind words of introduction. …

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