Academic journal article International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health

Causes of Under-Five Mortality in India

Academic journal article International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health

Causes of Under-Five Mortality in India

Article excerpt

The causes of death among children younger than five in India are generally preventable and vary substantially by gender and region, according to an analysis of nationally representative child mortality data from 2001-2003 and data on deaths and live births in India in 2005. (1) Of the 23,152 child deaths for which data were available, 10,892 occurred among children younger than one month (neonates) and 12,260 were among children aged 1.-59 months. The overall child mortality rate was 85.8 per 1,000 live births; the overall rate was highest in central India (107.9) and higher for girls than for boys (90.2 vs. 81.8). Sixty-two percent of all child deaths were attributed to live causes: pneumonia, prematurity and low birth weight, diarrheal diseases, neonatal infections, and birth as phyxia and birth trauma. Three causes--prematurity and low birth weight, neonatal infections, and birth asphyxia and birth trauma--accounted for 78% of all neonatal deaths; the neonatal mortality rate was 20% higher among boys than girls (40.1 vs. 33.5). Pneumonia and diarrheal diseases caused half of all deaths among 1-59-month-olds; the child mortality rate was higher among girls than boys (56. …

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