Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

Philosophy and Phenomenological Research: March 2011, Vol. 82, No. 2

Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

Philosophy and Phenomenological Research: March 2011, Vol. 82, No. 2

Article excerpt

Faultless Disagreement and Aesthetic Realism, KARL SCHAFER

It has recently been argued that certain areas of discourse, such as discourse about matters of taste, involve a phenomenon of faultless disagreement that rules out giving a standard realist or contextualist semantics for them. Thus, it is argued, we are left with no choice but to consider more adventurous semantic alternatives for these areas, such as a semantic account that involves relativizing truth to perspectives or contexts of assessment. In this paper, the author argues that the sort of faultless disagreement present in these cases is in fact compatible with a realist treatment of their semantics. Then, Schafer briefly considers other considerations that might be thought to speak against realism about these areas of discourse. This paper concludes with the tentative suggestion that realism about matters of taste is far more plausible (at least in some cases) than most philosophers believe today.

Quantifiers, Knowledge, and Counterfactuals, JONATHAN ICHIKAWA

Many of the motivations in favor of contextualism about knowledge apply also to a contextualist approach to counterfactuals. The author motivates and articulates such an approach, in terms of the context-sensitive all cases, in the spirit of David Lewis's contextualist view about knowledge. The resulting view explains intuitive data, resolves a puzzle parallel to the skeptical paradox, and renders safety and sensitivity, construed as counterfactuals, necessary conditions on knowledge. …

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