Academic journal article Library Philosophy and Practice

Information Use Patterns by Scientists: A Case Study of NEIST, Jorhat, North East India

Academic journal article Library Philosophy and Practice

Information Use Patterns by Scientists: A Case Study of NEIST, Jorhat, North East India

Article excerpt

Introduction

Proper and adequate information is indispensable for scientific and economic progress of a nation. A scientist in the broadest sense refers to any person who is engaged in a systematic activity to acquire knowledge or an individual who is engaged in such practices and that are linked to schools of thought or philosophy. Scientists are those individuals who use the scientific method in acquiring information and organize, analyze, and implement it in the area of research.

Scientists depend on communication with fellow scientists, specialists, and experts to keep abreast of current developments. Research workers almost always rely on the work of others scientists working the same field. Scientists frequently search for information on the latest trends and developments. They also acquaint themselves with innovations in their fields. Thus, information helps the scientists be well-informed. Science and technology in India can be visualized from the following figure

[FIGURE 1 OMITTED]

Science & Technology (S&T) under the auspices of Central Government of India comprises the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Department of Scientific & Industrial Research (DSIR), Department of Atomic Energy (DAE), Department of Space (DoS), Department of Biotechnology (DBT), and Department of Ocean Development (DOD). However, the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), with its 40 institutes dedicated to research and development in well-defined areas and around 100 field stations, is the major organization under DSIR, including the institutions like National Information System for Science and Technology (NISSAT), and Department of Ocean Development (DOD). There are about 200 national laboratories and an equal number of research & development (R&D) institutes in the Central Sector, with about 1,300 R&D units in the industrial sector and thousands of employees. In addition to R&D establishments, the other major body pursuing S&T activities in India is the country's vast university system comprising 162 universities, 32 institutions deemed universities, and 10 institutes of national importance which are considered to be major sources of S&T, producing around 200,000 S&T personnel every year.

North East Institute of Science and Technology (NEIST)

North East Institute of Science and Technology (NEIST), situated at Jorhat in North East India. It was previously known as Regional Research Laboratory, Jorhat, and it was instituted as a wing of CSIR for research and development in the fields of oil field chemicals, agrochemical, agro technologies for medicinal & aromatic plants, drug & drug intermediates, specialty papers & boards, organic & inorganic chemicals, biochemistry & biotechnology, chemical engineering, geo science & seismicity and building materials. The major thrust of Research and Development (R&D) activities of NEIST has been to develop indigenous technologies and knowledge by utilizing immense natural wealth of the North Eastern Regions of India.

Knowledge Resource Centre

As a policy decision of Government of India, all CSIR laboratories in India were converted to Knowledge Resource Centers (KRC) in 2008 including NEIST Library. Library and Documentation Division, the earlier name of NEIST, Jorhat was established in 1961 to cater to the needs of R&D staff, research fellows, outside students, and universities of North East Region and other R&D and Industrial institutes such as Institute of Biotechnology and Geotechnic studies, ONGC-Jorhat, Cinnamara ONGC complex, Central Muga & Eri Research & Training Institute, Lahdoigarh, Jorhat, etc. The library provided extensive services to the NEIST branch laboratories, which are situated in Itanagar, Arunachal Pradesh and Imphal, Manipur. The KRC of NEIST, Jorhat has rich and outstanding collections of national and international journals, books, Indian and foreign patents, standards, reports, annoted bibliography on Dioscorea composita and D. …

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