Academic journal article International Journal of Business and Management Science

An Exploratory Study on Leadership in a Semiconductor Manufacturing Firm's Performance

Academic journal article International Journal of Business and Management Science

An Exploratory Study on Leadership in a Semiconductor Manufacturing Firm's Performance

Article excerpt

INTRODUCTION

According to Ugboro and Obeng (2000), the long-term survival of many manufacturing and service organizations is considered to be inextricably linked to the ability of these organizations to produce goods and services that meet or exceed customers' quality expectations. The main impetus for an organization to succeed is through its transformational leadership potentials and proven successful management practices (Fazli Idris and Khairul Anuar Mohd Ali, 2008). Hence, many firms are developing methods for their staff and manufacturing management to improve the quality of products in meeting and exceeding consumer needs (Ugboro and Obeng, 2000).

For many years, management have come up with ideas in improving their organization's performance, staff commitment and welfare (Puffer and McCarthy, 1996). Leaders of multinational enterprises today face a predominant challenge in the management of employees from various cultures (Howell, Romero, Dorfman, Paul and Bautista, 2003). The increasing number of multinational enterprises today emphasizes the need for studies of multicultural aspects to be conducted for purposes of facilitating and understanding international leadership and management practices in organizations (Howell et al., 2003).

According to Zaccaro and Horn (2003) however, leadership theory has not lived up to its promise of helping practitioners resolve the challenges and problems that occur in organizational leadership. Many current theories and models are not contextualized, nor do the dynamic and critical issues facing leaders drive their construction.

Also, several proponents argue that softer TQM practices such as leadership, human resource management, and customer focus have more impact than benchmarking, process analysis or performance measurement (Taylor and Wright, 2006). Porter and McLaughlin (2006) argue that if a relative void still exists in the research literature on the impact of the organizational context on leadership, the situation would seem to be like the weather: many talking about it, but very few doing much about it insofar as empirical research is concerned. Hence, the research question developed for this study is how leadership influence engineering project performance in a semiconductor manufacturing firm does. The following section shall provide a review of the factors that are related to engineering project performance and leadership.

REVIEW OF LITERATURE

In this section, the previous findings and support identified from the literature review on engineering project performance and leadership are presented. The elements of engineering project performance that is composed of the elements of time, cost, superiority, creativity and product development performance shall also be presented in this section.

Engineering Project Performance

Projects are set off by a mindful judgment to embark on an action; they are based on obvious, distinct aims and deliverables; they are a premeditated strategy (Thiry, 2002). Managing projects are skills that have materialized into a norm utilized progressively more for accomplishing industrial objectives (Crawford, 2005). Today, various firms still disregard investments in assessing project management performance and are merely accentuating on meeting the time, cost and requirement of projects (Qureshi, Warraich and Hijazi, 2009).

A lot of previous research that scrutinize project performance and the distinctiveness that impinge on such performance are of a simple form, in which they demonstrate the epigrammatic link between project performance and some characteristics that influence it (Cho, Hong and Hyun, 2009). Qureshi et al. (2009: 378) posit that since the best survivor idea most appropriately describes the current industrial situation, superior means in evaluating performances in managing projects will be required in the direction of being competitively unchallenged. …

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