Academic journal article Journal of Gender and Social Issues

GENDER, CONFLICT, AND PEACEKEEPING DYAN MAZURANA, ANGELA RAVEN-ROBERTS, AND JANE PARPART. LANHAM and NEW YORK: ROWMAN and LITTLEFIELD PUBLISHERS, INC. 2005. 304PP

Academic journal article Journal of Gender and Social Issues

GENDER, CONFLICT, AND PEACEKEEPING DYAN MAZURANA, ANGELA RAVEN-ROBERTS, AND JANE PARPART. LANHAM and NEW YORK: ROWMAN and LITTLEFIELD PUBLISHERS, INC. 2005. 304PP

Article excerpt

Byline: Chineze J. Onyejekwe

With regards to the causes and consequences of armed conflict, peacekeeping and post- conflict reconstruction Gender, Conflict, and Peacekeeping focuses on the ways that gender is a central factor in shaping international policies.

Gender relations shape the ways in which women engage in, are affected by, and seek to resolve conflict. This includes 'the ideology and practice of gender mainstreaming in peace support and peacekeeping operations within the United Nations as well as the constraints that underpin the lack of progress in this process' (Raven-Roberts, pp. 43-44).

The UN remains the creator and nurturer of ideas and concepts that have permeated international policy discourse seen, in its role toward an opening up of peacekeeping processes.

The contributors' broad approach gives a detailed explanation of the forces behind the establishment of peacekeeping and intervention at the international level, and the role of gender in these processes.

In this regard, strategic responses to peace negotiations and decisions about post-conflict governance and development priorities sometimes undermine women's rights or erode gains made in gender relations during conflict.

Furthermore, the tendency to see women primarily as victims of violence, particularly sexual violence is another core point highlighted in this book. This tendency often obscures the many other roles they play in provoking and pursuing conflict or building peace. As the contributors point out, women may be combatants or they may provide services to combatants. In all, women are more negatively affected by physical harm and loss of property that accompany war and conflict situations.

This book is divided into four sections. By covering all aspects of violence - sexual abuse and trauma, prevention, intervention, peacekeeping operations, judicial issues and more - section I links development to human security.

Section II traces a process that reflects international policy/international laws such as that aimed at ending violence against women during conflict (Valerie Oosterveld, chapter 3). …

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