Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

Philosophy and Phenomenological Research: September 2011, Vol. 83, No. 2

Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

Philosophy and Phenomenological Research: September 2011, Vol. 83, No. 2

Article excerpt

Frege's Puzzle and Descriptive Enrichment, JEFF SPEAKS

The article focuses on Frege's puzzle: it explores the difference between one sentence which appears to express a trivial and a priori proposition and another that expresses nontrivial and a posteriori proposition based on Millianism. It discusses the descriptive enrichment of singular propositions, considering the relationship between the semantic content of the sentence and what it conveys.

Abduction and Modality, STEPHEN BIGGS

This paper introduces a modal epistemology that centers on inference to the best explanation (that is, abduction). In introducing this abduction- centered modal epistemology, the paper has two main goals. First, it seeks to provide reasons for pursuing an abduction-centered modal epistemology by showing that this epistemology aids a popular stance on the mind-body problem and allows an appealing approach to modality. Second, the paper seeks to show that an abduction-centered modal epistemology can work by showing that abduction can establish claims about necessity/possibility (that is, modal claims)--where "necessity" and "possibility" denote metaphysical necessity and possibility, ways things may or may not have been given how they actually are.

Contingent A Priori Knowledge, JOHN TURRI

This paper argues that one can have a priori knowledge of propositions that neither are nor appear necessarily true. One can know a priori contingent propositions that one recognizes as such. This overturns a standard view in contemporary epistemology and the traditional view of the a priori, which restrict a priori knowledge to necessary truths, or at least to truths that appear necessary.

How the World Is Measured Up in Size Experience, DAVID J. BENNETT

This paper develops a Russellian representationalist account of size experience that draws importantly from contemporary Vision science research on size perception. …

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