Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

Phronesis: 2011, Vol. 56, No. 4

Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

Phronesis: 2011, Vol. 56, No. 4

Article excerpt

Plato on the Norms of Speech and Thought, MATTHEW EVANS

Near the beginning of the Cratylus (385e-387d), Plato's Socrates argues, against his friend Hermogenes, that the standards of correctness for our use of names in speech are in no way up to us. Yet this conclusion should strike us, at least initially, as bizarre. After all, how could it not be up to us whether to call our children by the names of our parents, or whether to call dogs, "dogs"? This paper aims to show that, although Plato's argument does not succeed in establishing this apparently bizarre conclusion, it may well succeed in establishing an equally momentous conclusion: that the standards of correctness for our use of concepts in thought are in no way up to us.

Predication, Things, and Kinds in Aristotle's Metaphysics, FRANK A. LEWIS

What in Aristotle corresponds, in whole or (more likely) in part, to our contemporary notion of predication? This paper sketches counterparts in Aristotle's text to our theories of expression and of truth, and on this basis inquires into his treatment of sentences assigning an individual to its kinds. In some recent accounts, the Metaphysics offers a fresh look at such sentences in terms of matter and form, in contrast to the simpler theory offered in the Categories. This paper argues that the Metaphysics initiates no change in this regard over the Categories. …

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