Academic journal article Science Scope

Overlapping Reading and Writing Skills

Academic journal article Science Scope

Overlapping Reading and Writing Skills

Article excerpt

Reading and writing skills are deemed so essential to the study of science and engineering that they are included in both A Framework for K-12 Science Education and the Common Core State Standards (see Resources); and the Anchor Standards for Reading and Writing in the Common Core State Standards overlap extensively with what is advocated in Scientific and Engineering Practices 6 ("Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions"), 7 ("Engaging in Argument From Evidence"), and 8 ("Obtaining, Evaluating, and Communicating Information") in the new Framework. These documents contain detailed descriptions of the reading skills required of students to interpret and draw meaning from the technical vocabulary, diagrams, charts, graphs, symbols, and formulae commonly used in science and engineering books, articles, and media reports--which is a much more challenging task for most students than reading stories, novels, and newspapers.

The Common Core Standards states that "for students, writing is a key means of asserting and defending claims, showing what they know about a subject, and conveying what they experienced, imagined, thought, and felt." It calls for students to create arguments, support claims with logical reasoning and relevant, accurate data and evidence, write informative/explanatory texts, and detail precise step-by-step procedures they will use in their investigations--all skills that have parallel importance in the Framework. …

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