Academic journal article Theoretical and Empirical Researches in Urban Management

Analysis of Renewable Energy in Romania's Center Development Region

Academic journal article Theoretical and Empirical Researches in Urban Management

Analysis of Renewable Energy in Romania's Center Development Region

Article excerpt

1. INTRODUCTION

This study investigates the renewable energy potential in Center Development Region of Romania. Firstly, this study briefly discloses the renewable energy's role in urban development. Secondly, the study discloses an overview of Romania's Center Development Region from a geographical point of view, and also from the point of view of the main resources of the counties included in this region. Thirdly, an analysis of renewable energy potential in Center Development Region is done in this study in order to reveal the areas that have the highest potential of wind energy, solar energy, hydro energy, biomass and geothermal energy.

The research was conducted using a large variety of sources, such as statistics, research reports and articles. The research question was answered by analyzing published sources, evaluating and interpreting evidence.

2. RENEWABLE ENERGY'S ROLE IN URBAN DEVELOPMENT

Various problems and requirements of the society and of the development of cities and regions may be solved by using environmental technologies. The technological development in the urban development of cities may take into account the following prioritized areas: (1) sustainable management of the place and use of soil; (2) renewable and alternative energy; (3) sustainable management of water; (4) ecological materials; (5) comfort in the constructed environment; and (6) other resources and processes (Hernandez Moreno, 2009: 126).

Nowadays, a wide variety of technologies provide energy from different renewable sources, such as biomass, wind, solar, hydro, and geothermal sources that have their unique technologies which convert the energy of the resource into a usable form. The elements that differentiate those sources from the conventional ones is their strong spread of the exploitable potential over quite extended areas and the immediate dependence of the season and weather conditions, excepting geothermal power.

The distinctive potentials and contributions of renewable and efficient energy to sustainable and regional development have been recognized, however its widespread implementation was delayed (Ingwe et al., 2009). Nowadays, the European Union's member states are trying to solve this problem by initiating more energy-efficiency investments. For instance, the European Commission is negotiating with member states to include more energy efficiency improvements and renewable energy schemes in housing in all member states (Radulescu and Ioan, 2009: 66).

A higher degree of solar, wind or biomass use as sources for heating, cooling and electricity production could change the buildings' design concept and a series of new standards have to be developed. The architecture of the new or revamped buildings will take into account different new elements (solar panels, photovoltaic walls and roofs, wind generators, etc.) integration in buildings' envelope and resistance structure (Musatescu and Comanescu, 2009: 198).

Urban managements in more prosperous advanced countries are rapidly and seriously transiting from conventional to sustainable energy technologies (Ingwe et al., 2009).

The new environmental technologies applicable to urban sustainable development depend on the degree of the development of the country, its infrastructure, specialized human resources and management of the plans and programs of urban development, in addition to other tools such as methodologies and procedures that help their application. On the other side, regulation, lineaments and rules alike play an important role in the use and advantageous exploitation of these new technologies, as well as the way to apply public policies in the region does (Hernandez Moreno, 2009: 138).

Romania has a significant share of renewable sources, amounting to 12% of gross inland consumption and 29% of electricity production (Eurostat, 2009: 85). The proposed target for 2020 is 24% in final consumption. …

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