Academic journal article Library Philosophy and Practice

Use of ICT by Students: A Survey of Faculty of Education at IUB

Academic journal article Library Philosophy and Practice

Use of ICT by Students: A Survey of Faculty of Education at IUB

Article excerpt

Introduction

ICT is often perceived as a catalyst for change, change in teaching styles, change in learning approaches and in access to information (Watson, 2005). It refers to technologies that provide access to information through telecommunications. Use of ICT has changed our conventional ways of learning and proposes the need to rethink education in terms of a more current context (White, 2010). ICT capability is fundamental to participation and engagement in modern information society. ICT can be used to find, develop, analyze and present information, as well as to model situations and solve problems. ICT enables rapid access to ideas and experiences from a wide range of people, communities and cultures, and allows pupils to collaborate and exchange information on a wide scale (Crown, 2010). Education is the first and best key area for ICT applications. ICTs can help by providing alternative possibilities for education (Casal, 2007). The purpose of ICT in education is generally to familiarize students with the use and workings of computers, and related social and ethical issues. ICT has also enabled learning through multiple intelligence as ICT has introduced learning through simulation games; this enables active learning through all senses (Gateway 2010). Use of different information communication technologies has become inevitable for students in learning. By using modern information communication technologies, students can retrieve their required information within a short time. They can access and disseminate electronic information like e-books, e-journals and can improve their learning by using different modern ICTs in form of wireless networks, internet, search engines, databases, websites and web 2.0 technologies.

Aims of the Study

The main objectives of the study were to analyze the pattern of ICT usage by students, its availability, use of ICT by their teachers during lecture, student's knowledge of different computer applications and their opinion about ICT use in learning. Besides this, an attempt was made to investigate the:

* purpose of internet use by respondents

* impact of ICT on their study

* level of their information retrieval skills

* widely used search engines by respondents

* databases used by them

* time spent by the respondents in online information searching activities

* problems faced by the respondents in accessing e-resources and online searching

Research Methodology

A questionnaire was designed after conducting a comprehensive review of the related literature. A survey of the Education Faculty at The Islamia University of Bahawalpur (IUB) was conducted. Two hundred questionnaires were distributed among the respondents and out of which 164 were returned. Hence, the response rate of the study was 82 percent. Data were analyzed by using SPSS software version 14. Results were represented with the help of tables and different figures.

Review of Related Studies

Zakaria, Watson & Edwards (2010) conducted their research on the use of Web 2.0 technology by Malaysian students.The general opinion gathered about the integration of Web 2.0 tools into learning was positive. Result showed that students preferred using e-mail to disseminate and share digital contents. Similarly it was also found that for finding information related to education, students prefer to use search engines instead of asking friends or teachers.

Maharana, Biswal and Sahu (2009) explored the use of information and communication technology used by medical students. They found 77% of the respondents were of the opinion that ICT should be included in their syllabus. Nearly all respondents expressed their desire to have a computer lab in their college. One hundred respondents out of 128 opined that medical education is not effective without ICT based resources and services.

Saunders & Pincas (2004) examined the student's attitude towards information and communication technologies in teaching and learning in the UK. …

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