DEFINITION OF WELFARE
The term welfare is derived from the French phrase "welfare" which means to Fare well. The chambers dictionary defines the term welfare "as a state characterized by happiness, well being or prosperity". Well-doing or well-being in any respect is the enjoyment of health and the common blessings of life, emption from any evil or calamity, prosperity, happiness.
The word welfare, like the closely-related wealth, has moved a long way since it first appeared in the fourteenth century. The welfare is an important fact, in the process of establishing decent industrial relations in any civilized society. The worker in industry cannot cope himself with the pace of the present day modern life without enjoying minimum amenities. As such, it is essential for the employer to provide appropriate amenities to the worker to improve his living conditions. Needless to say, the welfare facilities provided by the employer are proved to be enhancing the efficiency of workers in production and productivity, by reducing the wastage in the utilization of resources. Welfare measures should reduce the displeasure, absenteeism, labour turnover, labour disputes and grievance among the workers. They lead to create mutual co-operation and job-satisfaction among the workers and management.
If the working and living conditions are not favorable, the workers can evince much interest in their work. As such, the management should undertake the social protective measures for workers to the maximum possible extent to enable the workers to put their best efforts in the realization of organizational objectives. In this direction, the present research work is proposed to evaluate the statutory and non-statutory welfare activities undertaken by the SCCL Co., Head office, and Kothagudem A.P.
DEFINITION OF LABOUR WELFARE
Labor Welfare means working out things for the well-being of the labors. Knowing there wants and enabling them to fulfill there wants.
1. Oxford dictionary--defines Labour welfare as efforts to make life worth living for workmen.
2. R.R. Hopkins--welfare is fundamentally an attitude of mind on the part of the management influencing the methods by which management activities are undertaken.
3. The encyclopedia of social sciences--Labour welfare is the voluntary efforts of employer to establish within the existing industrial system, working and sometimes living and cultural conditions of the employee beyond what is required by law.
The labour welfare is assigned a pioneering role in building up an abiding mutual faith between the management and employees and in establishing proper industrial relations firmly based on peace, discipline, and devotion to the industry. Therefore, as capitalist and labour are two wheels for an industry to run, wage and welfare are two wheels on which the employee performance and morale rolls.
"The state shall strive to promote the welfare of the people by securing and protecting as effectively as it may a social order in which justice in social, economic and political systems of the national life". "The state shall, in particular, direct its policy towards securing (a) that the citizens, men and women equally, have the right to an adequate means of livelihood (b) that the ownership and control of the material resources of the community are so distributed as best to sub serve the common goods, (c) that the operation of the economic system does not result in the concentration of the wealth and means of production to the common detriment: (d) that there is equal pay for equal work for both men and women, and the tender age of children are not abused and that citizens are not forced by economic necessity to enter vocations unsuited to their age or strength (f) that childhood and youth are protected against exploitation and against moral and material abandonment". …