Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

The Philosophical Review: January 2012, Vol. 121, No. 1

Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

The Philosophical Review: January 2012, Vol. 121, No. 1

Article excerpt

Belief and Indeterminacy, MICHAEL CAIE

An attractive approach to the semantic paradoxes holds that cases of semantic pathology give rise to indeterminacy. What attitude should a rational agent have toward a proposition that he takes to be indeterminate in this sense? Orthodoxy holds that rationality requires that an agent disbelieve such a proposition. This paper argues that a rational agent should be such that it is indeterminate whether he believes the proposition in question. For rational agents, indeterminacy in the objects of their attitudes will filter up to the attitudes themselves.

Dragging and Confirming, MATTHEW KOTZEN

This essay addresses the question of when evidence for a stronger claim H1 also constitutes evidence for a weaker claim H2. Although the answer "always" is tempting, it is false on a natural Bayesian conception of evidence. This essay first describes some prima facie counterexamples to this answer and surveys some weaker answers and rejects them. Next, it proposes an answer which appeals to the "Dragging Condition." After explaining and arguing for its use of the Dragging Condition, the essay argues that the Dragging Condition provides a general account of, and solution to, the counterexamples with which the essay began. The essay briefly discusses the relevance of the Dragging Condition to the recently much-discussed topic of "transmission failure" in epistemology, applies the Dragging Condition to the problem of "bootstrapping" in epistemology, and discusses three important objections to the view defended in the essay.

Where Love and Resentment Meet: Strawson's Intrapersonal Defense of Compatibilism, SETH SHABO

In his seminal essay "Freedom and Resentment," P. …

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