Academic journal article Borneo Research Bulletin

International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation: Time-Series Analysis of Multi-Resolution Optical Imagery for Quantifying Forest Cover Loss in Sumatra and Kalimantan, Indonesia

Academic journal article Borneo Research Bulletin

International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation: Time-Series Analysis of Multi-Resolution Optical Imagery for Quantifying Forest Cover Loss in Sumatra and Kalimantan, Indonesia

Article excerpt

Monitoring loss of humid tropical forests via remotely sensed imagery is critical for a number of environmental monitoring objectives, including carbon accounting, biodiversity, and climate modeling science applications. Landsat imagery, provided free of charge by the U.S. Geological Survey Center for Earth Resources Observation and Science (USGS/EROS), enables consistent and timely forest cover loss updates from regional to biome scales. The Indonesian islands of Sumatra and Kalimantan are a center of significant forest cover change within the humid tropics with implications for carbon dynamics, biodiversity maintenance and local livelihoods. Sumatra and Kalimantan feature poor observational coverage compared to other centers of humid tropical forest change, such as Mato Grosso, Brazil, due to the lack of ongoing acquisitions from nearby ground stations and the persistence of cloud cover obscuring the land surface. At the same time, forest change in Indonesia is transient and does not always result in deforestation, as cleared forests are rapidly replaced by timber plantations and oil palm estates. Epochal composites, where single best observations are selected over a given time interval and used to quantify change, are one option for monitoring forest change in cloudy regions. However, the frequency of forest cover change in Indonesia confounds the ability of image composite pairs to quantify all change. …

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